Tuesday, August 27, 2019
Minimum Legal Drinking Age Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words
Minimum Legal Drinking Age - Essay Example The MLDA has proponents and opponents, who hold fast to their respective positions in this debate (American Medical Association, n.d.). Morris E. Chafetz, in Ã¢â¬Å"The 21-Year-Old Drinking Age: I Voted for it; It Doesn't Work,Ã¢â¬ and Toben F. Nelson, and Traci L. Toomey, in Ã¢â¬Å"The Drinking Age of 21 Saves Lives,Ã¢â¬ adopt opposing views on this issue. Chafetz argues that the MLDA of 21 Ã¢â¬Å"has not worked,Ã¢â¬ and is not linked to reduced drunk-driving fatalities (7). He holds that enforcing a minimum legal age for drinking does not take into consideration the deaths caused by alcohol off the highways, and drives teenagers to binge drinking in unsupervised surroundings. On the other hand, Nelson and Toomey take the position that the MLDA of 21 has reduced drinking-related deaths, and decreased binge-drinking in underage college students. Although both authors have credibility and are knowledgeable and logical about the subject, and Chafetz is more accommodating of op posing viewpoints, Nelson and Toomey make a more convincing argument as their stand is supported by extensive references to research studies. Both the essays are authored by writers with impeccable credentials. Chafetz is a credible speaker in the MLDA debate, as he is the founder of the National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse and The Health Education Foundation in Washington. His reputation is further bolstered by the fact that he was a member of the Presidential Commission on Drunk Driving, Director and Executive Member of the National Commission Against Drunk Driving and the Presidential appointee at The White House Conference for a Drug-Free America. He is also a Doctor of Psychiatry, with a long history of association with social issues, such as alcoholism and drug abuse. ChafetzÃ¢â¬â¢s credentials are more than matched by Nelson and Toomey, who belong to the University of MinnesotaÃ¢â¬â¢s School of Public Health. Their argument is further supported by a group of academicians and researchers. The reputation of the writers contributes to the trustworthiness of the essays and makes them both credible. Sim ilarly, both the essays are written by knowledgeable authors who make their respective positions clear through unambiguous declarations. Chafetz emphatically states that Ã¢â¬Å"Prohibition Ã¢â¬â is not working among 18-20 year-olds nowÃ¢â¬ (8). On the other hand, Nelson and Toomey are equally firm in their conviction that Ã¢â¬Å"A drinking age of 21 has led to less drinking, fewer injuries and fewer deathsÃ¢â¬ (9). There is no room for ambiguity in either essays and the authorsÃ¢â¬â¢ tones convey their absolute belief in the correctness of their respective positions. Similarly, both the authors display knowledge about the issue being debated. As the founder of The National Institute for Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse, Chafetz is obviously conversant with the issue of alcohol consumption and quotes statistics from his institute Ã¢â¬Å"that 5,000 lives are lost to alcohol each year by those under 21Ã¢â¬ (Chafetz 7). As a Doctor of Psychiatry, Chafetz also demonstrates know ledge about brain impairment and alcohol dependency, in line with his profession as a medical doctor. Nelson and Toomey are significantly knowledgeable about the effects of alcohol on college students Ã¢â¬â this is in keeping with their University background.